Bone loss can occur as the result of gum disease or after one or more teeth have been lost and not replaced. If the bone loss is allowed to continue, additional teeth could be lost, and the shape of the jawline and face could be affected. To prevent this, your dentist at Bayview Dental Center in Texas City may recommend a bone graft. This procedure helps to reverse the damage and can encourage the body to produce new bone in the affected area.
Periodontal disease, or gum disease, is caused by bacteria that have infected the gums. Often the result of poor oral hygiene, the bacteria can cause inflammation and tenderness in the gums in an early stage called gingivitis. This stage is the easiest to treat. If the condition is left to progress into periodontitis, the bacteria and toxins can start to invade the areas below the gum line, into the tissue beneath the teeth. There, it can start to break down the bone, causing the teeth to loosen and possibly fall out. It is best to prevent periodontal disease with good oral hygiene practices, but when necessary, a bone graft can take place to reverse the effects of the disease.
There are a few different types of bone grafts, which depend on the source of the material used.
Your dentist at SAMPLE DENTISTRY will discuss the advantages and disadvantages of each with you before selecting the most appropriate material for your procedure.
The bone graft procedure requires surgery, so some form of sedation will be used. Your dentist in Texas City will fold back the gums in the affected area and clean it of any infected gum tissue, bacteria-covered calculus, and rough tooth surfaces. The bone graft will then be put in place, and the gum tissue stitched closed over it. It will take several months for the graft to fuse with your jawbone completely, but it should work with your body to produce new bone, improving your chances of keeping your natural teeth.